初中英语语法大全,收藏起来,一天学一个 !

5月以前

转载自:微英语

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1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg: I like watching monkeys jump 

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样 
3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)
4 agree with sb 赞成某人 
5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样
6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界 
7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : I will go along with you我将和你一起去 
the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树 
8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样
9 as you can see 你是知道的 
10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book 
11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么 
12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事 
13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen 
14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始 
15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

共279个语法,一天背一个。先收藏吧!


 

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候 

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信 
eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test
18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时 
19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing 
20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing 
21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraid to go out at night I'm afraid of dog 
22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么 
eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视
23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me 
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气 
25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高 
26 be ashamed to
27 be away from 远离
28 be away from 从……离开 
29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好 
30 be born 出生于
31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于…… 
32 be careful 当心;小心
33 be different from…… 和什么不一样 
34 be famous for 以……著名
35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好 
36 be from = come from 来自 eg :He is from Beijing. He comes from Beijing. Is he from Beijing? Does he come from Beijing ? 
37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water.
38 be glad + to + do /从句
39 be going to + v(原) 将来时 
40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于…… 
41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English 
42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事 
43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处 
eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处 
Exercising is helpful to your body 锻炼对你的身体有好处 
44 be in good health 身体健康 
45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble. They are in trouble.
46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣 
47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到 
48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother 
49 be mad at 生某人的气 
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料) 
51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)
52 be not sure 表不确定 
53 be on a visit to 参观
54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎 
55 be quiet 安静
56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰 
57 be sick in bed 生病在床
58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you 
59 be sorry to hear that
60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to troubleyou 
61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles 
62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are no tstrict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格
63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格
64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么 
65 be sure 表确定
66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well 
67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师) 
68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试 
69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……
71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事 
72 be the same as … 和什么一样
73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事 
eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉 
74 be worth doing 值得做什么
75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句 
76 because+句子 because of +短语 
eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache 
77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么 
eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home 
78 between…and… 两者之间 
79 borrow sth from sb 向……借……lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西 
eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen 
80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同 
81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth 
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 
我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站 
the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了

He's bothering me to lend him money 他打扰我借钱给他

82 by the end of 到……为止
83 call sb sth eg : We call him old Wang.
84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future? 你为什么不关心国家的未来?
85 catch up with sb 赶上某人
86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地 
87 come in 进
88 come over to 过来 
89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea你能想出一个好办法吗? 
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流 
91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to Luzhou? 为什么不考虑去泸州? 
92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞 
93 decide to do sth 决定做某事
94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查
95 do better in 在……方面做得更好 
96 do wrong 做错
97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事
98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意…… 
99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书
100 end up +doing

101 enjoy +doing喜欢
102escape from 从……逃跑 eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来

103expect to do sth 期待做某事
104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来
105 fall in love with sb/sth 爱上什么 
106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home
107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样 
108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the book interesting.
109 finish 完成+doing(名词) 
110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人
111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home. I forget closing door
112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her 
113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut我理了发(头发被剪了) 
Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了) 
114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job
115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好 
116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处
117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备 eg : I get ready for math. I am ready for math.
118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦
119get sb to do sth 
120 get…from… 从某处得到某物
121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall 
122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物
123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳 
124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事
125 go out away from go out of 
126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)
127 good way to 好方法 



128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事 
129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会
130 have a talk 听报告谈一谈 
131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking. You have been sleeping since 
132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来 
133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴
134 have sth to do 有什么事要做 
eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做 
135 have to do sth 必须做某事 
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦 
137 have…time +doing 
138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假 
139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事 
140 help a lot 很大用处 
141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事 
142 hope to do sth 希望做某事 
143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing) 
144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法 
145 if : 是否=whether 
eg: I don't know if (whether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会 
He don't know if (whether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达 
146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句 
eg: I'll go to Luzhou if it doesn't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州 
If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的 
I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国 
147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为 
148 in some ways 在某些方面 
149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后 
150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 south 南 west 西 east东 ) 
151 in the sun 在太阳下 
152 increase 增加 
eg : They've increased the price of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3% 
the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now 
153 instead of +(名 ) 代替 
eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子 
I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学 
154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍 
155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间 
eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook 
157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样 
158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样 
159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样 
160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 It's +adj of sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样 
eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English 
161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意 
162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important to me 
163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间 
eg : It's time to have class It's time for class 该去上课了 
164 join = take part in 参加 
165 just now 刚才 
166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样? 
167 keep out 不让 …… 进入 
168 keep sb adj 让……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康 
169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案 
170 key to… answer to … key 可以是答题或钥匙 
171 laugh at… 取笑…… eg : Don't laugh at others. We laughed at the joke.
172 learn by oneself 自学 
173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Leifeng.
174 learn to do sth 学做某事 
175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事 
176 Let sb down 让某人失望 eg : We shouldn't let our parents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望 
177 live from :离某地远 
178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地eg: I live in Luzhou She lives at Xuantan 
179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看 
180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路 eg : Lose your way 你迷路 
181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事 
182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友 eg : I want to make friends with you 
183 make it early 把时间定的早一点 
184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相 
185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么 eg : I made you my wife 
186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg : You must made your bed clean 
187 make sb /sth adj 使某人/某物怎么样 
188 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 eg : I made him write 我以前让他写 
189 make up 和 be made up of (被动语态)由……组成 
190 make…difference to… 
191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么 
192 most +名 most of +代 
193 much too +形容词 194 must be 一定 195 need +名词 
196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事 197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词) 
198 no / neither of hate to do no / neither of hate doing 
199 no +名词 
200 not anymore = no more 再也不…… eg: He didn't cry anymore He cried no more 他再也不哭
201 not… (形 、副)at all eg: He's not tall at all she doesn't jump far at all 
202 not…at all 一点都不 
203 not…either 表否定,也不 eg : I don't Japanse either I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐 
204 not…until 直到……才…… 
eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar 
205 offer / provide sb with sth 给某人提供 
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人 eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水 
207 on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上 
208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 
209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈 
210 on time 准时 in time 及时 
211 one day =some day =someday 一天,有一天 
212 one of +可数名词的复数形式 
213 one to another 一个到另一个 
214 over and over again 一遍又一遍的 eg : He cleaned the floor over and over again 
215 part-time job 兼职工作 fall-time job 全职工作 
216 pay for… 付……钱 pay the bill 开钱,付钱 
217 please +do 
218 please help yourself 
219 pleased with sb 
220 pool into

221 practice +doing 练习做某事 
222 prefer sth to sth 相对……更喜欢……eg : I prefer physics to chemistry 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理 
prefer doing to sth 更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车 
prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做…也不愿 
eg: My uncle prefers to buy a new car rather than repair the used one 我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车 
prefer sb not to do sth 更愿意… eg: I prefer her not to come 我不喜欢她不来 
223 pretend to do sth 装着去做什么 pretend that 从句 
eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard 这两个骗子装着努力工作 
He pretended that he did not know the answer 他装着不知道答案 
224 rather…than 宁可……也不…… 
eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher 我愿肯当医生,也不当老师 
He likes dogs rather than cats 他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫 
225 regard…as 把……当作…… 
eg: Please give my best regards to your family 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候 
I regard you as my friend 我把你当作我的朋友 
He shows little regard for others 他不爱关心别人 
226 remind sb about sth 提醒某人什么事 remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事 
eg : he reminds me about cooking (he reminds me to cook 他提醒我做饭 
227 remind sb of sth 使某人想起什么 
eg : the pictures remind me of my school days 这照片使我想起了我的学校 
228 return sth to sb 还什么东西给某人 
229 say to oneself 对自己说 
230 say to sb 对某人说 
231 sb spend some money on sth 花了多少钱在某事上 
232 sb spend some time with sb 花了多少时间陪谁 
233 sb spend some time(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事 
234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are 
235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事 see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事 
236 seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样 eg : You seem to be tired. You seem to be happy 
237 send +sb sth 送给某人某物 
238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去? 
239 shock 使……震惊 eg : Oh , It's only you! You give me a shock 啊,是你呀!吓我一跳 
240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物 eg : I show her the book. 
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看 eg: Show me your pen Show your pen to me 
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg : I show the book to her.
243 some…others… 一些……另一些…… 
244 start…with… 从……开始begin…with… 从……开始 
245 stay away from 远离…… 
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals when visiting the zoo 当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物 
If you want to lose weight you'd better stay away from the sweet food 如果你想减肥,你最好远离甜食 
246 stop doing 停下正在做的事 
247 stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 
248 stop sb(from) doing 阻止某人做某事 
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事 
250 such +名 这样 ,这种 
251 suit sb 适合某人 
252 surprise sb 使某人惊奇 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇 
253 take classes 上课 
254 take sb to 把某人带去 eg : I take you to the hospital 
255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk 散步 
256 ①talk to 对谁说 eg : I talk to you ② talk with 和谁说 eg : I talk with him 
③ talk of 谈到 eg : we talked of you ④ talk about 谈论关于…… 
257 talk with sb 和某人说话 
258 teach sb sth 教某人做某事 
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事 
260 tell sb sth tell sb that 丛句 tell sb not to do sth  tell a story 
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 
262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么 
263 tell…from… 
264 thank you for +doing 
265 the same +名词(doing)+as…… 
266 the same…(名)…as as…(adj adv)…as 相同 
267 the way to do sth = the way of doing st做某方面 的方法the way to +地方 去哪的路 
e g :Do you know the way to learn English Do you know the way of learning English 
268 the way to…(地点) 到哪的
269 too…to… 太怎样而不能……adj +enough to 足够…能… so…that +丛句 
eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to school
He is old enough to go to school = He is so old that he can go to school 
270 translate ……into…… 把什么翻译成什么 eg : Translate English into Chinese 
271 travel with sb和某人去旅游
272 try one's best to do sth尽某人最大的努力去做某事eg: I will try my best to learn English well
273 try to do sth 想干什么,但没成功 try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了 
eg :He tried to climb 他想爬上去,但没成功 He tried climbing 他想爬上去,已经做过了 
274 try…试衣服 have a try 试一下
275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up 开大 
276 turn off 关上 ←→ turn on 打开open 拆开
277 upside down 倒着 
278 visit to… 参观某个地方

279 wait for sb 等某人

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